Information about the railway workers since 1856.

The Portuguese government authorised that a Special Retirement Fund for Railway Administrative Staff and Day Labour be set up in July 1899. It was managed and subsidised by the Board of Directors to ensure the same benefits as attributed to the other railway workers by the Caminhos de Ferro do Sul e Sueste Aid Fund.

The licence was issued on 31.01.1901 and altered its name to the Railway Retirement and Aid Fund and it took over the previous fund regarding liabilities to pay pensions to invalid members and their families, define retirement pensions of 25%, 50% and 75% of the wages of the different workers and the Board of Directors could even award the workers full retirement pay to those who “deserved it because of their relevant services”.

Railway Associations arose along with the construction and operation of railway lines in Portugal. Even though the railway workers in the different countries up and down the country had very similar social benefits, they were not always united in the defence of interests and social protection, which led to the appearance of various mutual aid associations. The articles of association of the first railway mutual aid society were approved on 18.06.1872 for the Caminhos-de-ferro a Sul do Tejo Workers’ Humanitarian Association, based in Barreiro. The association only accepted male workers from the Caminhos-de-ferro do Sul e Sueste aged between 15 and 45 who were fit to work.